Question 112:

You claim that Jesus is the Son of God, because He has no father. The ancestor of all, Adam, also did not have a father. Is Adam therefore also a Son of God?


Answer: The Church believes and proclaims that Jesus of Nazareth is the Son of God. Question and Answer 50 above explain how the Church has arrived at this belief.

The “Compendium of the Catechism of the Catholic Church” explains the Church’s creed with regard to Jesus Christ:

“94. What is the meaning of the expression “conceived by the power of the Holy Spirit...”?

This expression means that the Virgin Mary conceived the eternal Son in her womb by the power of the Holy Spirit without the cooperation of a man. The angel told her at the Annunciation that “the Holy Spirit will come upon you” (Luke 1:35).

95. “...Born of the Virgin Mary”: Why is Mary truly the Mother of God?

Mary is truly the Mother of God because she is the Mother of Jesus (John 2:1, John 19:25). The One who was conceived by the power of the Holy Spirit and became truly her Son is actually the eternal Son of God the Father. He is God himself.

98. What does the virginal conception of Jesus mean?

The virginal conception of Jesus means that Jesus was conceived in the womb of the Virgin solely by the power of the Holy Spirit without the intervention of a man. He is the Son of the heavenly Father according to his divine nature and the Son of Mary according to his human nature. He is, however, truly the Son of God in both natures since there is in him only one Person who is divine. See: Believe in Jesus Christ, the Only Son of God

The Qur’an and the Bible speak of the creation of the first human couple, Adam and Eve, whereby the Quran does not mention the name of Adams wife. All relevant texts make it abundantly clear that Adam and his wife are nothing but human beings; furthermore, they are humans who sinned and who required God’s forgiveness. Jesus, on the other hand, was without sin.


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