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Question 266:

I think Bible has many errors. For example, how can a Heaven 'pass away' according to Jesus in Matthew 5:17-20:
“Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them. For truly, I say to you,
until heaven and earth pass away, not an iota, not a dot, will pass from the Law until all is accomplished. Therefore whoever relaxes one of the
least of these commandments and teaches others to do the same will be called least in the kingdom of heaven, but whoever does them and teaches them will be called great in the kingdom of heaven. For I tell you, unless your righteousness exceeds that of the scribes and Pharisees, you will never enter the kingdom of heaven.' 

Or how can Jesus sometimes say that he isn't God (Mark 10:18 "And Jesus said to him, “Why do you call me good? No one is good but God alone.”) Yet in another part, Jesus says: “I and the Father are one.” John 10:30.  Does his mean that Jesus couldn't make up his mind about being God? Or does it mean that one can't completely trust the Bible because contains errors?

 

Answer:

 

Your statement touches, as far as I can see, upon two different issues.

One is the question of how biblical texts that belong to different ages and cultural contexts have to be read and understood correctly. This concerns the question of the appropriate understanding of such texts. What does a given biblical text want to say and what is its main objective? Can a person expect such texts to provide correct scientific, geographical, medical etc. information according to the standards of knowledge available at the time of their origin, possibly hundreds of years ago? Do such texts intend to replace scientific textbooks of their time or of all times? Did they not rather intend to teach us all the truth that is necessary for us human beings to reach salvation and to convey to us all the knowledge that we need to reach this goal?  Is it not so that these texts had to use the ordinary language of the period in which these texts were written? 

To find an answer to these questions, please read the texts available on this website under Topic 1: Scripture - Word of God and read my Answer to Question 236 on this same website (Cf. Questions and Answers in chronological order). 

 

The other issue you touch upon concerns the Christian belief in Jesus as being more than a prophet.  You can find a treatment of this issue in Topic 2: The divinity of Jesus.  Also, please read Question and Answer 265. You could also use the search mechanism to find a treatment of the term Incarnation.

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